Present and Past at Sagamore Farm

“On a quiet evening or a Sunday morning, when there’s nothing happening, I think you can feel it. They talk of ghosts on the farm, especially at the old training barn.  Kind of makes you wonder sometimes.  Who’s to say that there aren’t certain spirits here?”

Tom Mullikin smiles as he says it, but with “AVG” in red letters behind him, it’s awfully tempting to believe him, to think—to hope?—that racing spirits are all around us.

We’re standing in the offices of Sagamore Farm in Glyndon, Maryland, less than 20 miles from Pimlico, and when I walk into the space that was formerly the machine and carpentry shop, the first thing I see is an old wooden cabinet emblazoned with the initials of Alfred G. Vanderbilt, Jr., the man who owned Sagamore from 1933 to 1986, the man who bred and raced Native Dancer from this farm, the man who dropped out of Yale to devote his life to Thoroughbred horse racing.  (click on photos to enlarge)

There remain few such vestiges of the Vanderbilt years, according to Mullikin, the farm’s manager.  Still, that legacy is everywhere, tangible or only remembered. It’s impossible not to think of the humans and horses that walked the paths of this farm for much of the 20th century.

In Native Dancer: The Grey Ghost, Hero of a Golden Age, John Eisenberg described Sagamore at the mid-point of the last century:

[Sagamore was] regarded as Maryland’s finest horse farm. Incorporating twenty buildings and seventy full-time employees in three divisions—breeding operations, training operations, and maintenance—the farm had immaculate barns, fences and paddocks, an outdoor racing strip, and a quarter-mile indoor track for winter gallops; a kitchen, chef, dining room, and dormitory housing for the staff, and a large house for [farm manager Ralph] Kercheval and his wife.

By 2006, the picture was much different.

“It was in really bad shape,” recalls Mullikin. “The whole place needed improvements.”

Fortunately, the farm’s new owner was willing to make the investment. Vanderbilt had sold the farm to developer John Ward in 1986, and in 2007, Marylander Kevin Plank of Under Armour purchased it, determined to restore the farm to its historical place in the racing and breeding world.

“He had grand ambitions,” says Mullikin, “and he was well aware of the history of the place.”

They started with the fencing, says Mullikin, then slowly began renovating the barns and re-doing the 7-furlong track over which such horses as Discovery, Native Dancer, and Bed o’Roses trained.

“We looked out for the pastures, too,” notes Mullikin, “putting resources back into the ground. We started off slowly; we’re not flash in the plan guys. This is about the next 20 or 30 years.”

We’re standing at the edge of the training track, watching three 2-year-olds move slowly over the surface. “When we got here,” remembers Mullikin, a Maryland native who learned the racing business at Machmer Hall in Paris, Kentucky and Edward Evans’ Spring Hill Farm in Casanova, Virginia, “the track was weeds and rocks. I wouldn’t even jog over it. All the rails were down.

“I never envisioned training here until Kevin said, ‘Re-do the track.’  We used the footprint of the old track and laid down a Tapeta surface over it.” He smiles. “There are recycled Under Armour shirts in the track material. Michael Dickinson was up for it, and we thought it was really neat, to make the track our own.”

He barely finishes the sentence when he points out the clockers’ stand overlooking the track. From detailing the farm’s present, he delves into its past.

“That’s the original clocker’s tower. That’s where Vanderbilt and his trainer, Bill Winfrey, watched Social Outcast and Native Dancer as 2-year-olds.  In the book, Eisenberg explains that they’re up in the tower watching them work, and that’s when they realized how good Native Dancer was.”  He pauses.

“It’s neat to stand there and think that we’re in the same spot.”

While Sagamore boasts a new track and renovated barns for the three dozen or so horses currently on the farm, its most imposing structure may be the one that will be untouched for years to come. It’s the old training barn, the first building put up on the old farm, the one with the ¼ mile indoor gallop that Eisenberg described.  According to Mullikin, there were 90 stalls in the original structure, and he estimates that it would cost four or five million dollars to renovate. Its restoration is part of the long view, he says, and when it’s finished, he jokes, he’ll be the one coming back to haunt it.

Vaughn Flannery painting of training barn, 1955

Down the hill, we walk into the old stallion barn, and there they are again, those initials. In perhaps his greatest understatement of the morning, Mullikin remarks, “This is a neat old tack box.”

It sits outside of Native Dancer’s stall, and Mullikin describes an old picture, taken from where we are currently standing.

“There’s a really cool picture of Native Dancer and his groom; the groom is on a chair with a bunch of dogs around him, and Native Dancer has his head hanging out, leaning down, sniffing the dogs.”

from "Inside Information: Native Dancer/Sagamore Farm"

But…there’s hay in the stall?

Mullikin smiles.  “Kevin has these Preakness parties, and one year it was down here. We got an old grey riding horse, a retired Thoroughbred, and for the party we put him in here. ‘Look!’ people said. ‘It’s Native Dancer!’”

He tells another story, this one of a group of veterinarians holding a meeting in nearby Hunt Valley who came out to visit the farm.

“A group of Russian vets who didn’t speak a lick of English came here with an interpreter. So I brought them in here and told them this was Native Dancer’s stall. They started taking pictures and one of them went in and started touching the walls.

“At first I thought, ‘What is this, Graceland?’ And then I thought, ‘That is really neat.’

“Sometimes, when you live here, you lose perspective on how cool it is. It means a lot when you see other people’s reactions. They get it, and that’s cool.”

Our last stop is at the cemetery, the cemetery where 12 Sagamore notables are buried, memorialized by simple headstones. There are no monuments, no statues. “That’s kind of the neat thing about this farm,” says Mullikin. “It has a certain class to it, but it’s also a working farm. There’s nothing that’s really over the top, and it’s not this big grandiose thing. That goes back to Mr. Vanderbilt.”

While only the head, heart, and hooves of most horses are buried, the Sagamore horses were buried whole. “That was the tradition,” says Mullikin.  “They were buried whole, with their blanket and halter, and with a bag of treats.”

We pause over the grave of Native Dancer, Sagamore’s most famous son.  He won one of two divisions of the Gotham in its first running; it will be run for the 59th time tomorrow, and one of Native Dancer’s great-great-great grandsons, Tiger Walk, will run in the colors of Sagamore Farm, whose crimson diamonds allude to Vanderbilt’s cerise design. He’s a co-fourth choice at 12-1; his ancestor went off at .15 – 1 and won by two lengths.

Vanderbilt silks on display at Hialeah


Sagamore silks

Even as the new Sagamore creates a new and vibrant presence in racing, it evokes and embraces its past. “Sagamore’s not the kind of place that…anybody owns, as much as you take care of it for a period of time,” said Plank. Mullikin echoes the sentiment, saying, “We’re stewards of this place.”

They have their own racing dreams ahead of them, dreams of a Derby win and a Triple Crown; they’ve already won a Breeders’ Cup, with Shared Account in 2010, and Millionreasonswhy won the Matron last year before finishing second by a neck in the Adirondack to eventual champion My Miss Aurelia. Their filly comes back tomorrow at Laurel.

But they don’t ignore what came before them, and walking around the farm, it’s easy to sense old racing ghosts, particularly a grey one, who continues to make his presence known.

Native Dancer in retirement at Sagamore, from Sports Illustrated, May 4, 1959


Quoted & consulted

38,201 At Jamaica See Native Dancer Win 10th Straight.” James Roach in the New York Times, April 19, 1953.

Inside Information: Native Dancer/Sagamore Farm.” HRTV video with Alfred G. Vanderbilt III, August 2008.

Kevin Plank Sagamore Farms” (sic). Steve Davis Media Group, 2010.

Native Dancer and Laffango Favored in Divisions of Gotham Today.” James Roach in the New York Times, April 18, 1953.

Native Dancer: The Grey Ghost, Hero of a Golden Age. John Eisenberg, published in 2003 by Warner Books.

Painting of Sagamore training barn by Vaughn Flannery, Sports Illustrated, February 28, 1955, pp. 34-35.

Photo of Native Dancer in retirement, Sports Illustrated, May 4, 1959, p. 37.

Sagamore Then & Now.” Sagamore Racing, February 2011.




19 thoughts on “Present and Past at Sagamore Farm

  1. I’m so glad you got to visit Sagamore. Thanks for the write up and all the great old photos. It must have given you goose bumps. I know it would me. Even though he raced way before my time, Native Dancer is one of my all time favorites. It’s probably because I had the Breyer Stablemate of Native Dancer 🙂

  2. Of course you have captured what Sagamore was all about; your eye and your pen are without peer. Thank you for taking the time to visit Sagamore Farm and for sharing so much of what remains, including that detailed description of how Mr. Vanderbilt buried his horses.

    After you note they were interred whole, “with their blanket and halter,” you add that each was accompanied by a “bag of treats.” Both his habit and your words are touching, of course; but that bag of treats reminds me of his later-life morning habit of driving through the Saratoga backstretch — chauffered, that is, because macular degeneration had gotten the best of his eyes — and happily offering from a container of Mrs. London’s just-baked pastries to anyone he engaged in conversation about horses. That was, again, his bag of treats that he enjoyed sharing as an older man, his final incarnation.

    With your words, your photographs and included Sports Illustrated excerpts, “Present and Past at Sagamore Farm” is one of your best contributions to the game. Thank you!

  3. Thank you all for those incredibly kind words. Visiting Sagamore was a dream come true, and I can’t thank them enough for the hours they spent with me. Delving into Sagamore history and present was as absorbing a project as I can recently recall, and writing about it was sheer joy. I’m so glad that you all enjoyed reading it as much as I enjoyed writing it.

  4. Teresa,

    What a wonderfully interested and well-researched story – as always! I love it. Kudos to you for visiting Sagamore and for writing about it, and to Mr. Plank and everyone at the farm for restoring, preserving and promoting its history.

    Thanks so much for all you do!

  5. Magnifico, Teresa!!! Thanks for capturing the essence of Sagamore then, and now, with your beautifully written article and photographs, that make it all come alive once more. It’s too good to just keep to myself! I’ll be e-mailing it for my friends and buddies to enjoy, too.

  6. Thank you for this marvelous story. Sagamore is a treasure and I am thrilled it is in such good hands. I will never forget how my heart leapt with joy when I happened to be driving by and saw that new fences had gone up. It had been so sad and quiet there for so long. No longer. As I drove by last night on the way back from a meeting, I was thinking how different it is now. From the road you can see the barn lights twinkle on those red barn roofs beyond the miles of undulating fences and it is almost magical. I wish them all the best.

  7. What a Fine story on Sagamore Farm. Working there would be a dream job! I am grateful that Kevin Plank has the resources and passion to put it back on the National Historical Registry. It ranks right up there with Calumet in the greatness of American racing. I wish he would get a satellite farm here in Texas , I sure would work for him!
    The book by Eisenberg is great, I would recommend to anyone to read it. Mr. V was a really cool fella! As far as Native Dancer, he may have been the best horse to have never won the TC. Only one loss in the Derby, 21 of 22 lifetime, what do you say?
    I wish all the horses and their connections the best. Hopefully we will see Kevin Plank in that Derby winners circle one day.

    Have a great day!
    Jarrod Goldberg
    Houston Texas

  8. I had the pleasure of working there in the early 80’s under the guidance of buddy troyer what a great experience miss all my old friends, danny,sally mark, barry ,kitty wish i could remember them all if you worked there contact me id love to hear from you.

  9. I apologize for a spelling error on my email posted today, I meant to thank Claudio for his time when I spoke with him at Sagamore. Michelle McAlhany chronister

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